INTERVENTIONS AND POLICY CHANGES
The Out-of-School Children Initiative identifies and counts the ‘invisible’ children who are not in school. The data is analysed using the Five Dimensions of Exclusion, a model that allows researchers to establish richly detailed profiles of the children who are not in school and the barriers that keep them away.
As the initiative heads into its second phase, emphasis will be placed on using this information to work with local and national authorities and other partners to recommend targeted strategies for change.
So far, some of the initiative’s recommendations have led to changes in policies on tuition, compulsory education, curriculum reform and resource allocation. Some policy recommendations have led to concrete interventions that have already had an impact
The Out-of-School Children Initiative has established the relationship between barriers, interventions and results.
|Poverty and Child Labour||Because strong links exist between child labour, poverty and school exclusion, interventions include:||In Bangladesh’s six largest cities, the Basic Education for Hard-to-Reach Urban Working Children project provides non-formal basic education on life skills for working children who never attended or dropped out of school.|
|Conflict||The Back on Track Programme in conflict-affected countries restored access to school for 6 million children in 40 countries and territories by the end of 2010.
Experience in Iraq and Sudan shows that non-formal education programmes play a key role during protracted crises where large numbers of children have missed years of schooling. In Iraq, UNICEF reaches more
than 60,000 students a year with non-formal educational opportunities.
|Gender discrimination||In underserved parts of Burkina Faso, well-resourced and gender-friendly schools (BRIGHT schools) built in poor and previously underserved rural areas boosted the enrolment of children aged 5–12 by 20%, with girls benefiting disproportionately. Interventions at the schools included separate latrines for boys and girls, canteens and take-home food, advocacy attempts to change traditions, literacy training and capacity building among local partners.|
|Disability||A campaign in Montenegro called It’s About Ability was launched by the government in partnership with UNICEF and reduced the percentage of people who found it unacceptable for a child with a disability to attend the same class as their own child from 64% in 2010 to 39% in 2012.|
|Language challenges||The School for Life alternative education programme in Ghana, particularly attractive for out-of-school children, helped over 120,000 children; 82% of them transitioned to formal education.|